Golf balls are small round objects used by golfers to play the game. Unlike any other regular balls, golf balls have unique features including dimples and a certain weight. The dimples allow the ball to fly for a long distance after kicking it. Golf is among the popular games globally. Millions of people worldwide play this game every day in different tournaments. The game involves hitting a circular object with a particular stick. The balls used to play the game are unique and made with modern features that make it enjoyable for the golfers.
There are two categories of golf balls. These are the advanced and the great recreational balls. The manufacturers make them with different colors. These distinct features allow the players to distinguish the balls when playing the game. They also aid in the tracing of the balls when they get lost because the colors enable people to view them at a distance.
In the ancient world, wooden materials and feathery leather materials were used to make golf balls. Over the years, notable changes have been seen in the making of these objects. Golf rules state that the balls must meet certain specifications set by the governing bodies. here are explaining How are Golf Balls Made.
Regulations of Making Golf Balls
The United States Golf Association (USGA) is among the key bodies that set the golf rules. They state that each golf ball should have a spherical shape. The authorities also indicate that the diameter of the ball should be at least 42.67 mm or 1.680 inches. Additionally, their weight should not be more than 45.93 g or 1.620 ounces. There are other additional rules that manufacturers and players should follow including the observation of the depth of dimples and their radius to enhance effectiveness.
Raw Materials Used to Make Golf Balls
The modern golf balls are made using rubber and hard plastic materials. The manufacturers use high technology and advanced materials to make perfect balls that will make the game exciting. They mix these materials with other chemicals to make the balls durable. There are the two piece and the three-piece balls. The two piece ones comprise of a strong, solid rubber core made of a thermoplastic resin or cover which is durable. On the other hand, the three-piece balls have slightly smaller solid rubber and usually have some rubber threads.
The Manufacturing Process of Golf Balls
Unlike the two-piece golf balls, the three-piece ones are hard to make. They have a long and complicated process. It can take the manufacturers up to 30 days to complete the process of making one three-piece golf ball. They require over 32 different inspections. Additionally, to make a three-piece golf ball, it has to undergo numerous manufacturing processes which require keen follow-up. On the other hand, making a two-piece golf ball is a simple process that takes half of the steps of making the three-piece ones. The process is usually completed within a few days.
- Formation of the Center
The center part of the golf ball is crucial. Usually, it entails of a molded core. A mixture of different chemicals and other components are used to make it. These components are highly chemically reactive. Therefore, they assist in forming a rubber type object. The process involves the use of pressure and heat to make the core, which is about 1.6 inches.
- Formation of the Dimples and the Top Cover
The manufacturers use the special injection molding to form the cover and the tiny dimples on the two-piece golf balls. In the process, they center the core in a mold cavity using pins. Then, there is the injection of molten thermoplastic to the dimpled cover that is around the core. There is the use of high temperature and pressure that necessitates the flowing of the material to achieve the ball shape and the tiny dimples. The balls are given ample time to cool and harden. The little pins are removed on the finished golf balls. On the other hand, the manufacturers use compression molding to form three-piece golf balls.
- The Polishing and the Painting of the Golf Balls
On the finished balls, the manufacturers eliminate the seam and the rough spots. To make the painting durable, they apply two paint coats on each ball. Proper spinning of the balls is enhanced to ensure uniform polishing. The next step involves the stamping of the ball with a unique logo. There is also the application of a clear coat, to make the ball attractive, shiny and to increase scuff resistance.
- The Drying Process and Packaging
After polishing and stamping the golf balls, the paint on them should be allowed to dry efficiently without tampering with them. The manufacturers usually arrange them in large layers to make the drying process efficient. After some time, they get dry. Then the packaging process is done in special containers or boxes.
- The Quality control
Immediately after the manufacturing of the golf balls, specialists X-ray them to monitor the positioning of the core/center. They check whether the ball has a perfect round shape. They also evaluate the size and the weight of these balls. There are also mechanical tests. It examines the performance of the ball to ensure that it meets the standards set by the USGA.